They are the protein building blocks in our bodies. The body needs 22. The body cannot make all of them alone. There is 9 essential amino acids that we need from different food source.
(Isoleucin, Leucin, Lysin, Methionin, Phenylalanie, Threonine,Tryptopha, Valine and Histidine). Foods containing all 9 amino acids are known as COMPLETE PROTEIN and can be found in the followin:
- Chia seeds
Some of the foods you eat may not contain all, but you Can combined foods to make a complete protein:
- Hummus and pita
- Oatmeal and almond butter
- Rice and beans
- Peanut butter and bread
- Lentils and rice
Non-essential amino acids are proteins that our body can naturally produce on its own. Non-essential amino acids play an integral role in removing toxins from the body, supports metabolism, encourage healthy digestion, and aid in promoting healthy body tissue. The non-essential amino acids include Cysteine, Alanine, Proline, Serine, Asparagine, Glutamic Acid, Tyrosine, Arginine, Aspartic Acid, Glutamine.
Amino acids in the body
Twenty percent of the human body is made up of protein. Protein plays a crucial role in almost all biological processes and amino acids are the building blocks of it.
A large proportion of our cells, muscles and tissue is made up of amino acids, meaning they carry out many important bodily functions, such as giving cells their structure. They also play a key role in the transport and the storage of nutrients. Amino acids have an influence on the function of organs, glands, tendons and arteries. They are furthermore essential for healing wounds and repairing tissue, especially in the muscles, bones, skin and hair as well as for the removal of all kinds of waste deposits produced in connection with the metabolism.
Amino Acids for Youthful Skin
Studies have shown that amino acids, like Glutamine, can contribute directly to healthy hair and skin by supplying essential nutrients to strengthen connective tissue that supports skin elasticity, and hair and nail strength. Glutamine, a non-essential amino acid, is vital in maintaining skin health, however, our bodies produce it more slowly as we age. Since Glutamine regulates the acid-base balance, it can support skin firmness.
Two amino acids in particular–arginine and carnitine–form creatine, which supports natural skin functions that ultimately produce collagen and elastin through cells that can repair damaged DNA. The formation of collagen through creatine is important because connective tissue is protected and contributes to strong tendons, cartilage, and ligaments. Healthy skin is reliant on the formation of collagen in order to replenish moisture which reduces fine lines, increases elasticity, and increases skin smoothness.
Amino Acids for Weight Management
Studies have shown that high-protein foods help people feel fuller, longer, as opposed to foods heavy in carbohydrate or fat content, ultimately reducing overeating. A majority of Carnitine, a non-essential amino acid, is found in the muscles. Carnitine has been shown to supply oxygen to muscles, which can aid in exercise recovery.
One of glutamine’s claim to fame is improving gut health, but glutamine can also be converted to glucose without affecting the body’s glucagon and insulin counts. This enhances the energy supply while passing up fat storage caused by insulin. Essentially, Glutamine protects your body from storing sugars and fats, allowing you to feel more energized and alert.
Amino Acids for Muscle Development
Amino acids are essential for the growth and development of muscles. Methionine, one of the nine essential amino acids, has been shown to promote the production of creatine, which aids in the development of muscle mass, while Lysine can help muscles recover after extensive movement.
One study showed that rats that were given essential amino acid supplements experienced increased muscle development, as well as bone mass and strength. This was due to increased calcium absorption within the bones as a result of the amino acid supplement.